In American culture a unsettling issue with many Americans is interactions with those who have disabilities. Parents often scold kids when they are very young when they see someone with a disability to “not stare or point.” Often times the subconscious message given off is to ignore people with disabilities and to “just keep looking forward.” This shows a form of inequality toward people with disabilities. The story of the article talks about a woman’s experience with a man who greets people at the door of her local grocery store. While she comments on his genuine kindness and ability to brighten her day with his smile. The problem she has is that she does not know his name because that would require her to look down at his name tag which might seem like her looking down on him because of him being confined to a wheel chair. In our culture people with disabilities are treated as second-class citizens in the way people feel and treat them unequally and have their self image damage by daily insults such as people looking away. an Estimated 32 million people in the United States have a disability and some of the most able and strong people in the United States. Culturally there should be an different perspective on the way people with disabilities are treated and approached, with a change in the way situations are handled we can make changes to the inequality in that people with disabilities unfairly receive.
Cross culturally love is not always seen as a primary goal or worth “striving for.” While in America, we have the Hollywood aspeact of always striving for true love marriage and searching for soul mates, in other cultures such as India marriage for love have traditionally been forbidden. Arranged marriage is traditionally how marriages are set up by wiser parents. During the last decade love marriages have become increasing more common,the influence of other cultures on India has brought this issue has lead more “old school” parents voicing in politics. The disagreement of the perspective of marriage by love is damaging family ties and disrupting the idea of “pure” family. this is because of inter caste, inter religious and inter class relationships. This unaccepting nature of the ability to chose a partner is a form of inequality with in the fragmented society and culture. There is a democratic right as humans that is becoming lost in the establishment of their culture. Cross culturally this seems a violation of rights in the eyes of western cultures. It is due to the different way in which we act in our cultures. This is similiar to how christmas in the Kalahari is. When an American anthropologist tried to join in the culture and bring a cow which is part of the Kongo Tradition. Although the cow he brought was an excellent cow the way in which he went about it, boastfully, was seen as wrong in the culture in he immediately paid the price. Cross Cultural experiences and traditions are very sensitive and should be looked at through the way in which those of the culture make meaning of them.
When in Portugal at a public area such as the local swimming pool, one might come across a sign reading, “Children who need help to get dressed may only be accompanied by one person. Children who are over eight years old must go to the changing room that corresponds to their gender.” Gender is a word used to describe characteristics pertaining to masculinity and femininity. Often times it is confused with sex and is often used in place of it due to peoples fear of misspeaking and being politically incorrect. Cross culturally gender and sex have many different meanings. In American Indian religious culture there are three major genders men, women, and beardache. Beardaches being a morphological male who does not fill societies standard male role. In American Indian culture compared to Portugal culture gender roles are not as black and white and much more accepted. another instance in which gender roles in a different culture are more open is in India there is third gender which is neither male nor female. This gender is referred to as Hijras. Like beardacehs, hijras have a special and significant role in their respective culture. Gender and sex are two different things and should not be grouped as one and gender roles are different cross culturally and as cultures become more accepting are becoming less and less “black and white.”
Emilie Venables tells us in her article “Anthropology and Humanitarian Aid” about the Medécins Sans Frontières (MSF) which is a group of doctors who work in conflict zones and areas of natural disasters or epidemics. The surprise that many people don’t know is tha anthropologist are heavily employed with in the program and the pool is increasing. These anthropologist job is to work in situations with culturally sensitive issues by designing and implementing interventions.
Medical Anthropologists have play a crucial role in the prevention and awareness of issues like HIV and malaria. they are also playing a much more crucial role today than ever in the finding the best ways to solve problems that are culturally sensitive or significant.
Anthropology is used in many different careers and hobbies and by being able to think anthropologically can enable one to be able to solve problems in a entirely new and more efficient ways. It also helps in the area of medicine due to the confidential essence along with the importance of culture. Also understanding how people make meaning of their decisions regarding medicine and treatment. Being able to work anthropologically can correlate to being able to help solve real world problems like the MSF does.
In the article “The Spectacle and Hidden Cost of Global Sporting Events” The author, Rahul Oka, goes into depth of the cost versus benefits of a country, or a city, hosting a major global events. The global event that the article focuses on is the FIFA World Cup.
When hosting an event, Oka explains that although certain aspect of the country can improve such as more jobs and infrastructural changes, the prices to pay for it are substantial. Some examples provided are low safety standards in Qatar led to about 1,200 deaths of migrant workers from Nepal and India. Also how will the issues of homophobia and racism which are extremely prominent in Russia impact the next FIFA world cup which is set to be in Russia.
When thinking anthropologically the issues with in a country’s culture such as racism and homophobia along with hardships in economic and politics can be solved by events like the Olympics and the World Cup. Nations would be more compelled to tone down view points especially being under the spotlight that comes with a hosting country.
Economically when hosting Global events revenue never reaches its expectations and risks are higher than rewards but the spotlight effect that comes with the events allows a country to let other see how they make meaning of their culture and can be very influential in improving cultures
In the article “What Policing, Events in Ferguson, andImmigration Enforcement say about Regimes of Social Control” Nolan Kline, the articles author, discuses the issues of the militarization of police force, the effects of police force and immigrant regime, and riot control has directly impacted the everyday lives of people across the country and heavily in areas such as New York, San Francisco, and Atlanta.
Also the Kline gives a couple of possible solutions to the problems he states earlier in the document. Such as not equipping local police with military equipment and ending asymmetrical warfare on activist.
These are both effective ways in which thinking anthropologically can be used to solve real world problems. They ways in which anthropologist and anthropological thinking is so relevant in this situation is by understanding how people, especially minorities, make meaning of the events and how people have been taught to feel about the police force in different cultures. Does image play a key role in how people react to authority? Thinking in a culturally sensitive way one may come to ponder if activist would be more inclined to end a rally if tanks and fully militarized riot control were not sent in and issues were settled more civilly, would issues like Ferguson, Micheal Brown, and Trayvon Martin still occur?