Misunderstanding of gender gaps in some developing nations

We always think that compared to western countries, developing nations have much more equality in many areas including birth, education and work. In the Global Gender Gap Report 2014, Yemen, where conducted research in 1978, is ranked 142, at the bottom of the list, just below Pakistan. However, writes ” I have never heard of any gang rape in Yemen, although in India this remains a pressing social problem.” In this perspective, women in Yemen feel more secure even that women in US do. No incidents of rape imply that women in Yemen do not feel that threatened at a subsistence level.  Varisco also mentions that in terms of employment, “the situation is as bad for men as it is for women”. Since it is difficult for both men and women to get jobs, it is the slow economics development that influences the women’s employment rate in Yemen, instead of the gender equality. What if we are studying gender gaps, we should compare the differences between men and women can under same conditions, rather than compare the differences of women from different countries. The misunderstanding of the ranking standards may result in lower ranks for the counties like Yemen.

In the meanwhile, I have also noticed another interesting  phenomenon. As Varisco writes,”though the statistical level of education is not an effective deterrence for rapist”, however, the literacy rate in Yemen differs a lot between men and women: male adult is 81.18 in 2010 while women is 46.79. Thus, although there might be an overstatement of gender gaps in Yemen, a lot of efforts still need to be made for women to gain equal rights.

links: http://www.anthropology-news.org/index.php/2014/12/10/holes-in-the-gender-gap/

http://www.indexmundi.com/facts/yemen/literacy-rate

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