In spite of all efforts, gender equality still hasn’t been accomplished. Inequality between genders demonstrates itself in many forms; economically, politically, socially and sexually. When comparing sexual equality, the gap between genders is even larger. According to Bella Ellwood-Clayton’s Sexual Equality? A Long Way Off — An Anthropologist’s Perspective, ideas regarding sex and sexuality vary from culture to another, causing different attitudes and behaviors towards sex. Ellwood-Clayton looks into the gendered nature of approaching sex. In many cultures in the Middle East, Latin America and South Asia, a woman’s greatest gift to her husband is her virginity. This, however, doesn’t apply to men in these cultures; they usually lose their virginity at a young age, prior to marriage and often at a brothel.
According to American sociologists William Simon and John Gagnon, people learn about sex and sexuality within the frame of their culture’s sexual script. This sexual script defines and influences our behavior and attitude towards sex, leading to creating the limit between what is acceptable and what is not acceptable. This leads to questioning whether real change for gender and sexual equality is possible globally and cross-culturally when our perception of sex and gender is controlled by our culture and implemented in our history.
When looking at sexist and gender inequality theoretically, one might perceive change as means of direct action. However, reality denies this immediate change due to the many factors that have been implemented within culture for many years. These factors stand in the way of gender equality and encourage stereotypical view on gender. As a result, real change tends to happen gradually for it changes core cultural, economic, social and political values to wholesome, gender-friendly values.