The classic debate of “nature vs. culture” can still be seen in society today despite the fact that it ha been shown to be outdated a countless amount of times. Very controversial arguments have been made lately suggesting that certain groups of people are inferior to others based on their genetic compositions. One example stated that levels of heterogeneity are directly correlated to global poverty levels such that Ethiopia being too genetically diverse and Bolivia not being diverse enough constitutes their poverty levels while the U.S. has the right amount of genetic diversity so it does not face poverty.
This kind of logic is not only ridiculous but is a form of scientific racism. Saying that a group of people face poverty due to their genetic makeup is saying that they were born inferior and do not have any opportunities to become superior or even equal. It is true that people are shaped by their genes, but they are also largely shaped by their culture and that factor should not be overlooked.
The “nature” aspect explains how humans are products of the bodies they are born into and the environment they are in, excluding human presence and effects. The “culture” aspect explains how people are the product of other people’s actions whether directly or indirectly. Jonathan Marks, author of “Nulture,” argues that the inferiority is not the product of genetic inequalities but instead, the product of political and economic inequalities created by people.