New research holds that perhaps Neanderthals are not the primitive species that has been long-held in history. Previously, it was thought that Neanderthals faced extinction because of the superior abilities to hunt, communicate, and adapt to the suddenness of environment 350,000 and 40,000 years ago. Such accusations do not hold up when looking at the actual archaeological evidence left behind by Neanderthals suppose they herded bison, had an expansive diet, and had means of communicating by the discovery of an earth pigment called ochre likely used in religious communications. Anthropologist must objectively look at both present and previous cultures in order to understand the world at large without misperceptions. The first indigenous people of Europe before disposed by likely their own inbreeding rather than their inferiority can still be understood by anthropologist on their customs, habits, and lifestyles before their Homo-Sapient successors migrated and expanded across the continent. By trying to compare different groups of people anthropologist lose the focus of learning about other cultures, which should truly be just that, the learning of other people and cultures. To try and compare two groups of people, especially groups of people at different points of advancement is as fruitless as trying to say the use of cell phones today shows the inferiority of previous peoples using pigeons to send messages. In that sense, it would be conducive to the study of different people and how they both came to be and came to end without adding useless notions to the equation.