The Dominican Anti-Haitianism

Upon analyzing the Dominican-Haitian relations, it is quite evident that the shared island of Hispaniola has made no major improvements to its racial relations since its emancipation in 1804.

Today, the Dominican Republic’s government enforces a multitude of anti-Haitianism oriented policies to prevent the legal settlement of anyone who may be Haitian or of Haitian decent. For example, two weeks after the earthquake in 2010, the Dominican government amended its constitution, barring the citizenship of anyone born in the Dominican Republic to foreign parents.

The current relations between these two countries date back to 1804 when the newly freed Haitian slaves occupied the entire island of Hispaniola to ensure the complete erasure of slavery from the island. However, the Dominican Aristocrats (who considered themselves white, and highly favored) produced anti-black propaganda in order to create a “Dominican Identity.” This was deemed especially necessary since the Dominican Republic had a large black skinned/mulatto skinned population.

Anthropology is key to understanding the true essence of the events taking place in the Dominican Republic. Without the objective observation of the Dominican-Haitian relations, one would not have the opportunity to understand why these relations are defined by the Dominican Republic’s Anti-Haitianism.

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